Despite philosophy’s failure to do so, some are still fantasizing about Science finally killing God:
Physicists have observed that many of the physical constants that
define our universe, from the mass of the electron to the density of
dark energy, are eerily perfect for supporting life. Alter one of these
constants by a hair, and the universe becomes unrecognizable. “For
example, if the mass of the neutron were a bit larger (in comparison to
the mass of the proton) than its actual value, hydrogen would not fuse
into deuterium and conventional stars would be impossible,” Carroll
said. And thus, so would life as we know it.
Theologians often seize upon the so-called “fine-tuning” of the
physical constants as evidence that God must have had a hand in them; it
seems he chose the constants just for us. But contemporary physics
explains our seemingly supernatural good luck in a different way.
Some versions of quantum gravity theory, including string theory, predict that our life-giving universe is but one of an infinite number of
universes that altogether make up the multiverse. Among these infinite
universes, the full range of values of all the physical constants are
represented, and only some of the universes have values for the
constants that enable the formation of stars, planets and life as we
know it. We find ourselves in one of the lucky universes (because where
Some theologians counter that it is far simpler to invoke God than to
postulate the existence of infinitely many universes in order to explain
our universe’s life-giving perfection. To them, Carroll retorts that
the multiverse wasn’t postulated as a complicated way to explain
fine-tuning. On the contrary, it follows as a natural consequence of our
best, most elegant theories.
While it may be true that the multiverse wasn’t originally postulated as a way to explain fine-tuning, there is no question that is the primary way in which it is utilized now. It borders on the dishonest to pretend otherwise. The logical irony, of course, is that multiverse theory itself suggests that even if we happen to inhabit a godless universe, there must be other universes in which gods exist. And then, there is no logical reason to assume that a Creator God which created one universe did not create more universes. Multiverse theory is not a means of deprecating God, it is merely a means of defending godlessness against the powerful assault of the anthropic principle.
When one contemplate these matters, one quickly realizes that most scientists would do well to stick to science. Because as both philosophers and theologians, they tend to be remarkably incompetent.